CircuitMedic
First-Aid Kits for Circuit Boards ®
About Us  |   Free Newsletter  |   Contact Us
Phone: 978-373-1600
5.2 Plated Hole Repair, Double Wall Method Next
Outline
This procedure covers the use an eyelet for the repair of a damaged land on a hole that has an inner layer connect.

Caution
This method is used to restore the integrity of a through connection on a multilayer circuit board, having an inner layer connect, but ONLY if the full barrel of the plated through hole remains intact. If there is barrel damage see appropriate procedure.

Caution
This method will reduce the inside diameter of the hole. The minimum hole size requirement must be checked for acceptance.
Minimum Skill Level - Advanced
Recommended for technicians with soldering and component rework skills and exposure to most repair/rework procedures, but lacking extensive experience.
Conformance Level - Medium
This procedure may have some variance with the physical character of the original and most likely varies with some of the functional, environmental and serviceability factors.
Acceptability References
IPC-A-600 2.0 Externally Observable Characteristics
IPC-A-600 3.0 Internally Observable Characteristics
Procedure References
1.0 Foreword
2.1 Handling Electronic Assemblies
2.2 Cleaning
IPC7721 5.2 Plated Hole Repair, Double Wall Method
Tools and Materials
Eyelets
Eyelets
Copper or brass eyelets electroplated with tin used for plated hole repair.
CircuitMedic Part
Eyelet Press
Heavy duty press designed to set and form eyelets in circuit boards.
CircuitMedic Part
Knife with #16 Blades
A must-have tool for precise cutting, scraping and trimming.
Microscope
Microscope
It is a challenge to undertake precision repair without a good microscope.
CircuitMedic Part
Micro Drill System
Versatile power tool for milling, drilling, grinding, cutting and sanding circuit boards.
Pin Gauges
Pin Gauges
Use to provide accurate measurements for thickness and hole diameters.
Soldering Iron
Soldering Iron, Solder and Flux
A well maintained soldering iron is a must at every tech bench.
Wipes
Wipes
Nonabrasive, low-linting wipes for cleanup.
Images and Figures
5.2 Plated Hole Repair, Double Wall Method
Damaged Plated Hole with Inner Layer Connection.
5.2 Plated Hole Repair, Double Wall Method
Figure 1: Insert the eyelet into the hole.
5.2 Plated Hole Repair, Double Wall Method
Figure 2: Set the eyelet using an Eyelet Press.
5.2 Plated Hole Repair, Double Wall Method
Figure 3: Completed repair.
Eyelet Selection Criteria

ID - Inside Diameter
The eyelet inside diameter should be a .075 - .500 mm (.003"-.020") greater than the component lead diameter.

LUF - Length Under Flange
The length of the eyelet barrel under the flange should be .630 - .890 mm (.025" - 035") greater than the thickness of the circuit board. This added length allows for proper protrusion when setting the eyelet.

FD - Flange Diameter
The eyelet flange diameter should be small enough to prevent interference with adjacent lands or circuits.

OD - Outside Diameter
The clearance hole drilled through the circuit board should allow the eyelet to be inserted without force but should not exceed .125 mm (.005") greater than the eyelet outside diameter.

Note
Be sure to select an eyelet meeting the proper criteria. An eyelet with an oversize flange may interfere with adjacent circuits. An eyelet that is too short will not protrude through the circuit board for proper setting.

Procedure

  1. Clean the area.

  2. Examine the hole to ensure that there is no damage to the wall of the hole. Check continuity to establish the integrity of the connection.

  3. Select an eyelet using the Eyelet Selection Criteria. Use a pin gauge and caliper to measure the existing plated hole dimensions. The eyelet must have an inside diameter sufficient to receive the component lead and an outside diameter that will allow the eyelet to be inserted into the hole without force.

  4. Remove oxides from the surface lands where the eyelet is to be installed using a buffer and clean.

  5. Apply a small amount of liquid flux to the land or circuit on the circuit board surface, if any, and tin with solder using a soldering Iron and solder. Clean the area.
    Insert the eyelet into the hole. If a new circuit is required, the new circuit may extend into the hole and the flange of the eyelet will secure the new circuit in place. (See Figure 1)

  6. Select the proper setting tools and insert them into the eyelet press. (See Figure 2)

  7. Turn the circuit board over and rest the eyelet flange on the lower setting tool.

  8. Apply firm even pressure to form the eyelet barrel.

  9. Apply a small amount of liquid flux and solder the eyelet flanges to the lands on the circuit board surface if necessary. Clean the area. Inspect for good solder flow and wetting around the eyelet flanges and lands.

  10. Clean the area.

  11. Install the component lead and solder, if required.

Evaluation

  1. Visual examination, dimensional requirement of land diameter and inside diameter.

  2. Electrical continuity measurement.

This procedure is for reference only. Refer to the Procedure References listed above, or contact Circuit Technology Center for appropriate industry approved references.
Free Newsletter
The most valuable tool in your repair department is high quality information. Get a subscription to Circuit Rework News.
Discover A New Way To Bond Jumper Wires
Normal Price $39.95/package. Special Offer Price $19.95/package. Offer expires July 31, 2014.

CircuitMedic
22 Parkridge Road, Haverhill, MA 01835 USA
Phone: 978-373-1600 - Fax: 978-372-5700
Copyright © 2014 All rights reserved.

ISO9000:2008 Certified

Member Since 1986

First-aid Kits for Circuit Boards